Ebola Update

Ebola Update

The Plainville-Southington Health District (PSHD) will be providing timely updates on the latest information regarding the 2014 Ebola epidemic. These updates will be posted on the Health district website (www.pshd.org), and the websites for the Town of Plainville (www.plainvillect.com) and Town of Southington (www.southington.org).

For more information please visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at www.cdc.gov.

November 13, 2014

• There are no confirmed cases of Ebola in the United States at this time.
PSHD hosted a meeting with Town Officials, Hartford Healthcare and American Medical Response representatives to ensure there is a coordinated response to any potential cases in the district. While the threat remains very low, we all want to be prepared.
• The New York Times did an outstanding article this week on a secondary outbreak of Ebola occurring in Mali: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/13/health/mali-reports-a-second-larger-ebola-outbreak.html?_r=0
• Please continue to visit the CDC Traveler Notice website for more information on specific destinations: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/
PSHD officials will continue work with first responders and community stakeholders, monitor the situation and inform the public. At this time, rather than continuing the weekly updates, we will provide information as the situation warrants. Please continue to visit the Town and Health District websites for information.

November 6, 2014

• There are no confirmed cases of Ebola in Connecticut.
• There are no individuals currently under quarantine orders in Connecticut.
PSHD continues to meet with local Emergency Management officials and First Responders to review and discuss response plans.
• Provided information at the November 5th meeting of the Southington Community Emergency Response Team (CERT). These remarkable volunteers provide a great service to the District. To learn more about Southington CERT please visit: http://www.southington.org/content/17218/18270/default.aspx
PSHD continues to meet with officials from Bradley Memorial Hospital.
• The Washington Post recently published an article that highlights some great risk-communication messages, and we encourage you to take the time to read it: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2014/11/03/map-the-africa-without-ebola/

October 30, 2014

• There are no confirmed cases of Ebola in Connecticut at this time.
• There are currently 6 residents under quarantine orders in Connecticut.
• None of these individuals are in Plainville or Southington.
PSHD has begun meeting with judicial officials regarding the appellate process if an Isolation or Quarantine order was issued.
PSHD and Southington Emergency Management Officials recently attended a full-scale exercise at Bradley Memorial Hospital for Ebola response.
• Continue to take part in statewide and national conference calls. Many calls have focused on policies that monitor travelers returning from West African countries that involved in the Ebola outbreak.
Connecticut’s plan – http://www.governor.ct.gov/malloy/cwp/view.asp?Q=555720&A=4010
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Plan Fact Sheet – http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2014/fs1027-monitoring-symptoms-controlling-movement.pdf
PSHD continues to update local Quarantine and Isolation plans.
• Continue to meet with local Emergency Management officials.

October 23, 2014 Update

• There are no confirmed cases of Ebola in Connecticut at this time.
• There are currently 9 residents under quarantine in Connecticut. These quarantined individuals had a recent travel history to nations where the Ebola outbreak is occurring.
• None of these individuals are in Plainville or Southington.
• The Health District (PSHD) continues to update local Quarantine and Isolation plans.
PSHD continues to meet with local Emergency Management officials to review town Emergency Operations Plans.
PSHD met again with local law enforcement issue regarding this situation.
PSHD has met with the majority of funeral homes in the district to provide information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on mortuary services.
• Continue to take part in statewide and national conference calls. Many calls have involved the use of Personal Protective Equipment for Emergency Medical Services.
• Hartford Healthcare/Bradley Hospital continues to inform the Health District of their response protocol.
• American Medical Response (AMR) has shared their guidelines with the Health District and First Responder agencies in both Plainville and Southington.
• Shared information about the CDC Travelers Notice web page with large employers in Plainville and Southington.

October 15, 2014 Update

• There are no confirmed cases of Ebola in Connecticut at this time.
• The Governor has signed an order declaring a public health emergency. Among other provisions, this declaration allows for the Commissioner of Public Health to order statewide quarantine and isolation. This will allow for a coordinated response throughout the state if individuals need to be quarantined or isolated for Ebola.
PSHD sent general information today on Ebola and how it is spread to medical offices for them to post in their waiting rooms.
• A fact sheet on Ebola and Pets was sent to veterinarians.
• The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Department of Homeland Security’s Customs & Border Protection (CBP) this week will begin new layers of entry screening at five U.S. airports that receive over 94 percent of travelers from the Ebola-affected nations of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The airports closest to our area are JFK in New York and Newark in New Jersey. For more information on this program please visit: http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2014/p1008-ebola-screening.html.
• Have met with the Emergency Management in both towns to review existing plans and will continue to meet as needed.
• Participated on statewide and national conference calls. Statewide calls held by DPH to allow for a coordinated response between local and state officials. This includes public information messages, quarantine and isolations procedures, updates on travel and screening procedures done at airports.
• National conference calls are through CDC and have included topics such as hospital preparedness and medical waste.
• Have spoken with Bradley Hospital. Shared information and will be meeting in person later this week.
• Have distributed information to first responders.
• A fact sheet on Pets and Ebola will be sent out to all veterinarians in the district.
• Have been in contact with American Medical Response (AMR). AMR has done a great job on a national basis and they have been sharing lessons learned.
• Shared information with the school systems on travel and the CDC Traveler notice page.
• We will continue to meet with necessary parties and continue to provide updates through articles and the websites.

October 9, 2014 Update

• The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. Although the risk of an Ebola outbreak in the United States is very low, CDC and partners are taking precautions to prevent this from happening.
• There are no confirmed cases of Ebola virus in Connecticut at this time.
• We have no reason to believe that anyone in the district or State of Connecticut is infected or at risk of infection.
PSHD and Town Emergency Management Directors have been meeting and discussing the situation.
• The State of Connecticut has regularly updated local health directors through conference calls and emails.
PSHD has updated our local Quarantine and Isolation plans.
• To provide clarification on media reports using the terms Quarantine and Isolation:
o Isolation separates sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick.
o Quarantine separates and restricts the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick.

Ebola Background
• Symptoms of Ebola virus disease (EVD) include: fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, lack of appetite, and abnormal bleeding. Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola virus, though 8-10 days is most common.
• Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected symptomatic person or through exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions.
• Individuals who are not symptomatic are not contagious. In order for the virus to be transmitted, an individual would have to have direct contact with an individual who is experiencing symptoms or has died of the disease.
• While there is no medication to cure Ebola, treatment for the virus typically includes treating the fever, keeping hydrated, and managing any other infections.