As the local public health agency, the Health District enforces the Connecticut Public Health Code section that pertain to wells (private water supplies).
Before a private well can be constructed, the Health District must sign a well permit that is submitted by a state licensed well contractor. This permit shows the location of the well on the property and ensures that the minimum separating distances to any sources of contamination are met. After construction, the well driller is responsible for sending a copy of the well completion report to the Health District. The last step for approval is usually the responsibility of the well owner and requires a water test performed by a State Licensed Laboratory. In addition to the one-time bacteria, physical and inorganic testing required by the State Department of Public Health, the Health District requires a volatile organic compound test for new wells to ensure that the groundwater is absent of these cancer causing chemicals.